MITOS “KANCA WINGKING” PEREMPUAN JAWA DALAM FILM KARTINI

(Analisis Semiotika Roland Barthes)

  • Robiatul Adawiyah
  • Laksmi Rachmaria
Keywords: semiotic analysis, Myth, Kanca Wingking, Javanese Woman, Culture

Abstract

Indonesia has a lot of cultural characteristics, the diversity of Indonesian culture is influenced by geographic location and ethnicity, considering that Javanese ethnicity is the most dominant in terms of its population, so that its culture is very diverse. Javanese culture at that time was synonymous with patriarchy which was full of gender injustice. Since ancient times, the culture of society in the world has placed men at the top of the hierarchy, while women are the second class. This study aims to uncover how the myth of "kanca wingking" of women in Javanese culture is represented by the figure of Kartini. The question posed in this research is how the myth of "kanca wingking" of Javanese women in the film Kartini. Women are only seen as "kanca wingking" who are engaged in the domestic sector: such as kitchens, wells, and mattresses. Education was a luxury that could not be enjoyed by Javanese women at that time even though Javanese culture emphasized the values of modesty and simplicity. This study aims to uncover how the myth of "kanca wingking" of women in Javanese culture is represented by the figure of Kartini. The question posed in this research is how the myth of "kanca wingking" of Javanese women in Kartini films. This study uses a critical paradigm, with a qualitative approach, using Roland Barthes' semiotic analysis, which consists of a multi-level meaning system of meaning through denotation, connotation and mythology to debunk the myths of Javanese women's "kanca wingking" in Kartini's films. The results showed that there were caste differences, the development of patriarchal thinking, and the absence of power in women which made the myth of "kanca wingking" Javanese women develop, as if women were positioned helplessly.

Published
2021-06-01
Section
Table of Contents